Goa

Choris Chilly fry Goa Sausage chilli fry Choris Pao


Goan Sausage (Choris) Chilli Fry

The deicious and tantalizing Goa sausages and the famous Choris Pao, a universal favorite, prepared from a simple sausage chilli fry.  The sausages have all the spices required, all that is needed is some onion and potato (if you wish) to prepare this dish.  The taste and flavor of the cooked sausage chilli fry is directly related to the quality of sausages.  So do take care to source the best ones you can find!

Ingredients

  • 20 small beads Goan Sausages (or 10 large ones)
  • 3 to 4 medium onions, as required
  • 1 medium potato (optional)

Remove the string and remove the casing of the sausages.  Some even like to keep the thread and casing and simple cut the sausages strands into 2” pcs.  In this case wash the outer casing of the sausages before using.

Clean and slice the onions roughly into thick slices/pieces.  Peel, wash and chop potato into cubes.  Add the sausages, onions and potato to a vessel.  Barely cover with water and keep on flame and bring to a boil.  Stir at intervals.  Cook till water has almost dried, just a little should remain for gravy.  Serve hot with pao or pulao.

Choris Pulao Goa Sausage Pulao


Chorisan are synonymous with Goa!

The Goa sausages famous all over the world, cooked and added to rice for a spicy, tangy, delicious pulao.

Ingredients

  • 2 cups Basmati rice
  • 30 small beads goa sausages (chorisan)
  • 3 medium onions
  • 6 cloves
  • 6 cardamoms
  • ½ tsp. whole peppercorns
  • 2”  sticks cinnamon
  • 2 stock cubes, any flavour (I used chicken)
  • ½ tsp. salt or to taste
  • 2 tbsp. Oil

Wash and soak the rice, till required.  Cut the thread of the sausage beads and slit the casing to remove completely.  Keep the sausage meat aside.  Clean and slice the onions.  Heat oil in a vessel and add the onions, fry till translucent.  Add the sausage meat and 1 cup water and cook 15 to 20 minutes till all the water is absorbed and sausages are tender.   Take a larges vessel to cook the pulao.  Add 4 cups water, peppercorns, cloves, cardamom, cinnamon and the stock cubes.  Add ½ tsp. salt to taste.  When the water starts boiling and the stock cubes are dissolved, add the soaked drained rice.  Mix well and cover.  When it begins boiling, reduce to low flame and cook till water is half absorbed.  Then add the cooked sausages and mix well gently.  Cover and continue cooking on low till all the moisture is absorbed and rice is cooked.  Serve hot.  Delicious!  A family favorite!!

Angel Wings – Phenori


Ingredients

2 cups All purpose flour (maida)

½ cup icing sugar

½ tsp. salt

1 egg

3 tbsp. ghee

3 tbsp. custard powder

Oil for frying

Mix the flour, sugar, salt and egg together and knead with water or coconut milk if you prefer, to a smooth pliable dough. Leave to rest for atleast half hour.

In a separate bowl add the ghee and custard powder and mix to a smooth paste. Set aside.

Divide the dough into equal portions.  Dust each portion with flour and roll into a circular disk as thin as possible.  Apply a tablespoon of the custard paste and spread it thinly over the top of the disk.  Form into a cylindrical roll as compact as possible.  Then cut into one inch pieces.  Take one cut piece and place vertically on the board with the cut side facing up and roll as thin as possible, dusting with flour if required.  Repeat till all the dough is used up.  Heat oil, when hot enough reduce flame to low.  Before adding to the oil, pull the two edges of the phenori gently and stretch it slightly to elongate it.  When fried the phenori resembles angel wings. Add the phenori to the hot oil in batches till slightly brown and crisp.

Dust with icing sugar and serve immediately.  Store in airtight containers when cool.

Beef Jeerem Meerem


Beef Jeerem Meerem

Goan Beef Jeerem Meerem

Ingredients

  • 1 Kg. Boneless Beef
  • 2 green chillies
  • 10 cloves garlic
  • 1” pc. Ginger
  • 2 large onions
  • 2 tomatoes
  • 1 or 2 potatoes, as required (optional)
  • 2 tbsp. Jeerem Meerem powder
  • 1 tbsp. tamarind pulp
  • 1 lemon
  • 2 tbsp. ghee or oil
  • 1 tsp. Salt or to taste
  • ½ tsp sugar (optional)

Method

Clean and cut meat into cubes or slices.  Wash, drain and set aside.  Grind the ginger and garlic to a coarse paste.  Marinate the meat with the 1 tbsp. of the jeerem meerem powder, juice of lemon and salt. Keep aside for one hour atleast.

Slice the onions and tomatoes, slit the green chillies and cut the potatoes into cubes or wedges.  Heat oil I a vessel and fry the onions till light brown.  Add the ginger garlic paste and saute 2 to 3 minutes. Add the tomatoes and fry till soft.  Reduce heat and add the remaining jeerem meerem powder and saute for a miunute.  Add beef and cook on high heat till meat changes color, reduce heat and cook till water evaporates.  Add the tamarind pulp and a cup of hot water, bring to a boil and cook 10 minutes.  Then lower heat and cook another 20  minutes till meat is tender.  Add the green chillies and potatoes and cook further 10 minutes till potatoes are cooked.  Check seasoning.  Add ½ tsp. sugar (optional) Usually this is a dry dish but you can add some hot water if you need to have some gravy and simmer till oil surfaces.  Served with Goan pulao (Aroz) or any bread of your choice.

Stuffed Pomfret with green masala in Banana leaf


Delicious, succulent and moist Stuffed Pomfrest in mouth watering green masala and cooked iun banana leaf which prevents the fish from absorbing too much oil! Use stuffing of your choice, red, green or recheado masala. Recipe is from my mother’s book “Mais Recipes”. Get hold of your copy soon. Here is the link for details: https://cooklikececilia.com/mais-recipes-contact-details

Beef Roulade


Beef Roulade

Goan Beef Roulade

Beef steak stuffed rolls – I am calling this Goan Beef Roulade because this is the spicy version of Beef Olives with typical Goan flavors as it includes Chorizo (Goan sausages) in the stuffing. The Beef Olives I have made earlier are a milder version leaning more towards continental cuisine. Try them, both are delicious in their own right!!

Ingredients

  • 1 kg. Beef steaks, beaten
  • 2 medium chopped onions
  • 2 tbsp. tomato paste
  • 2 to 4 tbsp. oil or ghee
  • Stuffing : Potato, Carrots, Choris (Goan sausages), Bacon, as required

Grind to a smooth paste

  • 10 red chillies
  • 1 ½ “ pc. Ginger
  • 10 cloves garlic
  • 10 cloves
  • 1” cinnamon
  • 1 tsp. cumin seeds
  • ½ tsp. peppercorns
  • ½ tsp. turmeric
  • 4 tbsp. vinegar
  • 1 tsp. salt

Method:

P.S.: Ask the butcher to beat and flatten the steaks well. If not you will need to use a mallet or heavy pestle to beat the steaks to thin them so forming the rolls is easier. 

  1. Wash, drain and marinate the steaks in the ground masala paste for one hour.
  2. Prepare the stuffing. 
  3. Peel, wash and cut one potato in 2” sticks. 
  4. Wash carrot, peel and cut into 2” sticks. 
  5. Remove the Goan sausages from the casings. 
  6. Cut the bacon into 2” strips.  As bacon is not available here I have skipped it.  
  7. Spread the steaks on a board and trim off any excess meat and you need a rectangle piece. 
  8. Reserve the extra meat trimmings 
  9. Place the potato, carrot and sausages on one end of the steak and roll into a compact roll. 
  10. Secure with string or toothpicks. Thus make all the rolls.
  1. Heat a wide pan, add the oil/ghee and fry the chopped onions, w
  2. When they soften and are translucent, add the tomato paste and saute 2 to 3 minutes. 
  3. Place the rolls in a single layer (reserve the excess marinade) and fry 3 to 4 minutes on high till light brown. 
  4. Turn over and cook 20 minutes till the gravy almost dries up. 
  5. Stir well scraping the bottom of the pan to avoid burning the onions. 
  6. Add the excess marinade and some water to rinse the bowl and add to the roulade gravy. 
  7. Also add the leftover potatoes and carrots, if any, chopped finely.
  8. Check and adjust seasoning. 
  9. Cook till meat is tender and gravy is thick and oil surfaces. 
  10. Any rolls that are large in size can be cut into pieces before serving. 
  11. Remove the string before serving. 
  12. Toothpicks may be left as it is as they can be easily removed.  Serve hot.

Xacuti


Xacuti

Xacuti or Xacutti (Konkani: शागोती) is a curry prepared in Goa, India, with complex spicing, including white poppy seeds, sliced or grated coconut and large dried red chilies.[1] It is usually prepared with chicken, lamb, or beef.[2][3] It is also known as chacuti in Portuguese.

Xacuti or Shagoti as is commonly known in Goa has its origin in Harmal (now Arambol) in Pernem Taluka of Goa. Here fisherman in the olden days used to get a fresh catch of fish or a local chicken and prepare a gravy for this dish. The gravy typically used local spices like black pepper (meerya), chilli, turmeric, onion, nutmeg, cinnamon, clove, etc. The hero was a mildly roasted coconut kernel which is finely grated and lightly toasted. – Source Wikipedia:

Chicken Xacuti

A traditional Goan dish, Xacuti (pronounced ‘Sha-kooti’) almost always made with chicken and the complex array of spices used in preparation of this dish makes is wonderfully flavorful and unique.  Xacuti may also be prepared with beef or lamb.

Ingredients

  • 1 ½ Kg. Chicken
  • ¼ tsp. turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp. salt

Marination

  • 2” pc. ginger
  • 10 flakes garlic
  • ½ bunch coriander leaves
  • 5 green chillies

Xacuti Masala I

Fry in 1 tsp. oil and grind

  • 1 tsp. oil
  • 3 onions, sliced
  • 3 green chillies
  • 1.5” pc. Ginger
  • 7 garlic flakes
  • 1 large coconut (2 cups grated)
  • ½ bunch coriander leaves

Heat oil in a pan and saute sliced onions, green chillies, ginger, garlic for 3 minutes.  Add grated coconut and saute for another 5 to 7 mns.  Once onions are crispy, keep aside.

Xacuti Masala II

Dry Roast the following

  1. ¼ pc. nutmeg
  2. 2” cinnamon
  3. 3 cardamoms
  4. 1 star anise
  5. 1 tsp. fennel (badishep, saunf)
  6. 1 tsp. black pepper
  7. 1 tbsp. poppy seeds
  8. 1 tbsp. coriander seeds
  9. 8 to 10 kashmiri chillies
  10. ½ tsp. turmeric

Grind all the above together to make the xacuti masala paste.

Xacuti preparation

  • 2 tsp. oil
  • 2 onions, sliced
  • 2 green chillies, slit
  • ¼ cup water

Method

  1. Clean, remove skin and cut chicken into pieces. 
  2. Wash and drain. Add salt and turmeric powder to chicken pieces. 
  3. Grind the marination masala and marinate the chicken pieces for half an hour, or overnight if desired.
  4. Heat oil and add onions and green chillies and fry for a minute. 
  5. Add the marinated chicken and saute for 2 minutes. 
  6. Add the xacuti masala and water and cook 30 to 45 minutes or till chicken is tender. 
  7. Serve hot with bread, rice or sannas.

Cafreal


Frango à Cafreal is a spicy chicken preparation consumed widely in the Indian state of Goa. The preparation originated from the Portuguese colonies in the African continent.[1] It was introduced into the Goan cuisine by the Portuguese and the African soldiers serving under the Portuguese.

The generic preparation involves green chillies, fresh coriander leavesoniongarlicgingercinnamonpepperchillimaceclove powder and lime juice or vinegar. Chicken Cafreal is always made from whole chicken legs, flavoured with the spices and herbs mentioned and then shallow fried.[2] Chicken Cafreal is usually accompanied by potato wedges and lime wedges. It is a popular dish in the bars and taverns of the state. – Source: Wikipedia

This recipe s inspired by Late Wendell Rodricks

Cafreal – Chicken Cafreal

Ingredients

  • 1.5 kg. Chicken
  • 1 tsp. garam masala powder
  • 1 tsp. black peppercorns
  • ½ tsp. Turmeric powder
  • 1 bunch coriander leaves (about 100 gms)
  • 12 to 15 flakes garlic
  • 2” piece ginger
  • 6 green chillies (or to taste)
  • 10 cashewnuts
  • 2 Onions
  • 4 Tomatoes (deseeded) (Optional)
  • 2 tbsp. lemon juice
  • Salt to taste
  • 1 tbsp. Coconut oil
  • 2 tbsp. ghee or as required

Method

  1. Clean and cut the chicken into large pieces.
  2. Wash and set aside to drain.
  3. Grind to a paste the ingredients from garam masala to lemon juice alongwith the salt.
  4. Marinate the chicken with this masala. 
  5. Refrigerate overnight.
  6. Heat 2 tbsp ghee and fry the chicken in batches to light brown to seal the juices. 
  7. Set chicken aside
  8. Reserve the marinade.
  9. Add the coconut oil to the ghee left over from frying the chicken. 
  10. If not add a tbsp of ghee to a vessel, heat and fry the masala paste for 5 minutes till the raw smell disappears and fat leaves the masala. 
  11. Add the chicken, salt (if required), 1 cup hot water and cook till chicken is tender and gravy is thick. 
  12. Serve hot garnished with onion rings and lemon wedges.
  13. Repeated reheating gives a deeper color and improves the taste and texture of the gravy and the Cafreal just tastes better!

Prawn and Cauliflower Caldine


Caldine or Caldinho in Portuguese, is a typical goan curry recipe used to cook, fish, vegetables or shrimp. It’s a light coconut curry and as the consistency is quite thin can easily double up as a spicy soup. It is mildly spiced and considered a “sweet” curry. This combination of shrimp and cauliflower is quite commonly prepared in a caldine and tastes delicious over boiled rice or with some crusty bread or poee or pao used to mop up the runny curry and the juicy morsels devoured with the crunchy cauliflower and luscious shrimp. Keep the shells of the shrimp intact (provided they are fresh) and you will enjoy sucking and relish the juicy caldine that is trapped in the shells!! Make sure the cauliflower has some crunch, so avoid overcooking.

Ingredients

  • 1 cup medium to large prawns
  • 1 medium cauliflower
  • 1 medium onion
  • 3 green chillies
  • 1 medium tomato
  • 1 tbsp. oil
  • 1 tsp. Salt, or to taste

Grind to a paste

  • 1 cup fresh coconut or 4 tbsp. coconut powder
  • 3 large cloves garlic
  • ½ tsp. cumin seeds
  • ½ tsp. pepper corns
  • 1 tbsp. coriander seeds
  • 1 small marble sized ball tamarind

Method

  1. Shell & devein the prawns.  If the prawns are very fresh, keep the shell intact, removing the head and legs.
  2. Wash and drain. 
  3. Apply a pinch of salt and turmeric and set aside. 
  4. Separate the cauliflower florets and cut into large pieces. 
  5. Immerse in salted water for 15 minutes to loosen dirt and kill insects, if any.
  6. Grind the masala to a paste. 
  7. Slice the onion, slit the green chilies and chop the tomato. 
  8. Heat oil in  a vessel,
  9. Add the sliced onion, green chilli and fry till light brown. 
  10. Add the tomato and saute till soft. 
  11. Add the masala paste with the masala water and additional water for the curry as required,
  12. Add 1 tsp. salt and bring to a boil and simmer 5 minutes. 
  13. Add cauliflower and cook 5 minutes till almost tender. 
  14. Add prawns and cook 10 minutes. 
  15. Adjust seasoning and serve with steamed rice.
  16. Goes well also with Poee, or bread to mop up the delicious gravy
  17. Try it with some crusty bread….. yummy!!

Bhing Amotik Curry


Bhing Amotik Curry meal

Bhing Amotik Curry

Ingredients

  • 1 Bhing (Herring, Hilsa, Pala)
  • 1 small onion
  • 1” pc. Ginger
  • 2 green chillies

Grind to a Paste

  • 8 to 10 Kashmiri Chillies
  • 3-4 tbsp. coconut powder
  • 1 tsp. coriander seeds
  • ½ tsp. cumin seeds
  • ¼ tsp. peppercorns
  • ¼ tsp. turmeric powder
  • 1 small onion
  • 5 flakes garlic
  • A lemon sized ball tamarind

Method

  1. Descale the fish, slit from head to tail from the side to open in two horizontal  halves. 
  2. Cut each half in the center vertically into two and slice each strip diagnonally into wedges. 
  3. As this a thorny fish, cutting in this manner keeps the bones long enough to remove easily when eating. 
  4. Wash the fish well, apply a little salt and set aside.
  5. Grind the masala to a smooth paste. 
  6. Shred the ginger, slice the onion and slit the green chillies. 
  7. Take a vessel and add the ginger, onion and green chillies
  8. Add a tsp. of salt and squeeze together to extract the flavours. 
  9. No oil is required for this curry. 
  10. Add the masala with the masala water and adjust consistency of the curry (we like it thin).
  11. Place on heat and bring to a boil. 
  12. Reduce flame and simmer 10 minutes. 
  13. Add the fish and shake the vessel so the fish pieces settle and do not overlap each other. 
  14. Increase flame, bring to a boil, reduce flame and simmer 10 minutes till oil appears on the surface and the curry appears glossy.
  15. Switch off and serve hot with steamed rice.

Rissois de Camarao


Rissois de Camarao

Portuguese Shrimp Turnovers

Rissois is one snack we must have when we go to Goa. It is served at every occasion and is a mandatory snack at almost all parties and functions. Crispy on the outside and soft and creamy on the inside, it is an instant favorite. The traditional filling is shrimp but feel free to make with chicken, minced beef, fish or a vegetarian filling using the filling recipe as a base.

Ingredients

  • Filling:
  • ½ cup cooked shrimps, chopped
  • 2 tbsp. butter
  • 1 medium onion, chopped fine
  • 2 green chillies (deseeded), chopped fine
  • 1 tbsp. chopped coriander leaves, chopped (Optional)
  • ½ tsp. white pepper powder (if not use regular)
  • ¼ tsp. nutmeg powder
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • 1 cup milk
  • 2 level tbs. cornstarch
  • 2 tbsp. water
  • 1 tbsp. grated cheese (optional)

Method

  1. Clean, devein and cook shrimps in boiling water for 3 minutes.  D
  2. Drain, cool and chop into pieces. 
  3. Heat the butter in a saucepan, add onion and fry till translucent, add green chillies and saute for a minute, add the milk, pepper, nutmeg and salt and heat through. 
  4. Prepare a slurry with the water and cornstarch and as the milk begins to boil, add the slurry all at once and mix thoroughly. 
  5. Cook on low flame till thick and glossy. 
  6. Add the cooked shrimp & heat through for a minute. 
  7. Switch off the flame. 
  8. Add the grated cheese and mix well.
  9. Leave aside to cool.

Pastry dough:

  • 1 cup water or milk
  • 1 ½ cups flour
  • 4 tbsp. butter
  • 1 tsp. salt

Method

  1. Take water in a pan, add the butter and heat till the butter melts and almost begins boiling. 
  2. Add the  flour, stirring to mix well till combined and begins to leave the sides of the pan. 
  3. Remove from heat.
  4. Grease a work surface and tip the dough and cool slightly while kneading to smooth and pliable. 
  5. Divide into portions and roll as thin as possible. 
  6. Using a cutter (or any cup or cover), cut rounds
  7. Place a tsp of filling in the centre, moisten the edges and fold into crescent shape pressing the edges firmly. 
  8. Dip in beaten egg, roll in bread crumbs
  9. And deep fry to golden brown and crisp. 
  10. Remove to absorbent paper and serve hot.

P.S.: This quantity makes around 35 Rissois.  You may freeze the extra Rissois, for future use.

A Typical Konkan Coastal Fish Curry Rice Meal for Four persons cooked in less than 30 minutes


A Typical Konkan Coastal Fish Curry Rice Meal for Four persons cooked in less than 30 minutes (excluding preparation)

To keep it real have used my daily regular utensils 😉 😉

A meal for four persons

  1. Raouns (Rawas, Indian Salmon) Fish Curry
  2. Cabbage Vegetable
  3. Lepo (Sole Tounge Fish) fry
  4. Steamed rice
  5. Mango pickle (homemade)
  1. Rawas/Raouns (Indian Salmon) Fish curry

Ingredients

  • 8 pieces Raouns fish
  • ½ medium onion
  • 2 green chillies
  • 1” pc ginger
  • 1 raw mango
  • 1 tsp. Salt or to taste

To grind to a paste

  • 4 Kashmiri chillies
  • 1/4 tsp turmeric
  • 1 tbsp. coriander seeds
  • 6 peppercorns
  • ½ tsp cumin seeds
  • 3 tbsp. coconut powder
  • 2 flakes garlic
  • ½ medium onion

Method

  1. Clean and wash & cut fish.  Apply a little salt and set aside. 
  2. Grind the masala to a smooth paste. 
  3. Slice the onion, green chillies and ginger. 
  4. Wash and peel the raw mango and cut into wedges.
  5. Heat 1 to 2 tbsp. coconut oil and add the sliced onion, green chillies and ginger.  Saute till lightly brown. 
  6. Keep the flame low so the flavors of the onion, chillies and ginger release and give off a nice aroma. 
  7. Add the masala paste, the masala water, raw mango pieces and salt. 
  8. Stir and increase the flame and bring to a boil, simmer till oil appears on the edges. 
  9. Add the fish, stir and bring to a boil.  Reduce flame to medium low and cook for ten minutes. 
  10. When curry is done it will leave fat and appear glossy.
  11. Remove from flame.

P.S.: Same recipe may be used for Pomfret, Gole fish (Hammour), Mandeli (Golden Anchovies), Surmai (Kind Fish).  This curry is called sweet fish curry where chillies are less and coriander seeds are more. Other curries are the amotik (Spicy hot) usually made with Tarle (Sardines), Bangde (Mackerels), Bhing (Herring) Tato (Shark) etc., Green curry with fresh green masala for Pomfret, Fresh Bombay duck, etc. and the Kane  (Lady Fish) where curry to similar to above but Ajwain is added to the masala and onion and garlic are increased. 

2. Cabbage vegetable

Ingredients

  • 2 to 3 cups shredded cabbage
  • 1 medium onion
  • 2 green chillies
  • 1 small tomato (Optional)
  • 1 sprig curry leaves
  • 4 flaked garlic
  • ½ tsp mustard seeds
  • 1 tbsp. coconut oil
  • 2 tbsp. fresh grated coconut
  • 1 tsp. salt or to taste

Method

  1. Shred the cabbage and soak in salted water for few minutes. 
  2. Slice the onion and green chillies, chop the tomato.
  3. Crush the garlic cloves and wash the curry leaves.
  4. Heat the oil in a pan, add mustard seeds and allow to splutter. 
  5. Add the garlic and curry leaves, followed by the chillies and onion and saute for a minute. 
  6. Add the cabbage and salt, mix.
  7. Cover and cook for 5 to 10 minutes till done.  Do not add any water.
  8. Garnish with fresh coconut.

3. Lepo fry (Sole Tongue fish fry)

Ingredients

  • 8 to 10 Lepo
  • 3 tsp. red chilli powder (or to taste)
  • ½ to 1 tsp. salt (to taste)
  • 2 tbsp. vinegar
  • Rice flour or Rava to coat the fish

Method

  1. To clean the fish, cut the head and pull out the skin from both sides and the intestines.  Wash and leave aside to drain.
  2. Mix the red chilli powder, salt and vinegar to a paste and apply to the fish and marinate for half hour.
  3. Heat some oil to shallow fry the fish. 
  4. Take some rice flour or rava in a plate. 
  5. Roll the fish to coat evenly and fry on medium flame for 5 minutes on each side till crisp.

4. Steamed Rice

  • 1.5 cups basmati rice or boiled rice if you wish
  • 1 tsp. salt
  1. Wash the rice and soak in water for atleast 15 minutes.
  2. Bring water to a boil in a vessel. 
  3. Add the pre-soaked rice, salt and bring to a boil. 
  4. Reduce flame and simmer till rice is tender.  Strain the water. 

Tip: Cook the rice on low flame so the grains remain whole and separate and do not break.

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