Mangalorean recipes

Mandas Traditional Mangalore Cucumber Cake


The traditional Mangalorean cucumber cake, both steamed and baked versions.  A favorite cake of the south especially mangaloreans relished by young and old. Also called Tavsali or Tausali from the Konkani name for the local cucumber ‘Tousche’. Other names are Thekkare Adde, Thekkare Ghatti.  Using only raw (white) rice make the cucumber cake quite dense and firm but this texture is preferred by many.  I prefer mixing both raw and boiled rice so that the texture is a bit softer. 

Ingredients

  • 2 cups boiled rice (1 cup basmati + 1 cup boiled)
  • 1 coconut
  • 2 cups jaggery
  • 1 large cucumber
  • 6 cardamoms, powdered
  • Salt to taste
  • ½ cup cashewnuts/almonds (optional)

 Method

  1. Wash and soak the rice for 3 to 4 hours.
  2. Grind to a paste alongwith the coconut, grated cucumber, jaggery and salt.
  3. Add the cardamom powder and let it stand for about an hour.
  4. Add the chopped nuts, if desired.
  5. Bake or steam till done.
  6. To test if the mandas is ready, insert a toothpick or a knife in the center and it should come out clean.
  7.  It really depends on the size of container, thicker the mandas more the time.  Having said that, you can initially steam it for 30 minutes straight, after which you may test with toothpick or a knife and if it comes out clean it’s done.  If not steam further and check at 10 to 15 minute intervals.  The centre should be set and not jiggle.  It firms up further upon cooling. 
  8. Baking takes a fairly longer time about 1 to 1 1/2 hours. Baking also renders the mandas a bit hard, hence I prefer steaming.

Mutton Roce Curry (with coconut mik)


Mutton Roce Curry

My Mother’s recipe from her book Mais Recipes – contains 175 more recipes.

Delicious curry will tempt you to drink the curry and lick your fingers.  Traditionally served with Appams, sannas, panpole, etc.  so you can mop the lip smacking curry and enjoy. Same recipe is used to make Chicken Roce Curry.  Please strictly follow the recipe for perfect results.

Ingredients

  • 1.5 kg. mutton
  • 1 cup thick coconut milk (or 1 can 400ml ready coconut milk)
  • 2 medium potatoes (cubed)
  • 1 onion (sliced), 1 tbsp. oil
  • Salt to taste

Roast (each separately) & grind to a paste with a little tamarind

  • 1.5 tbsp. coriander seeds
  • 1 tsp. cumin seeds
  • ½ tsp. turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp. poppy seeds (optional)
  • 1” pc. cinnamon,
  • 4 cloves
  • 10 kashmiri chillies,
  • 8 pepper corns
  • 6 flakes garlic
  • 1 medium onion
  • 4 tbsp. coconut powder

Method

  1. Clean, remove and cut mutton into medium pieces.  Wash and set aside to drain.
  2. Heat oil and fry the sliced onion till light brown.  Add the mutton pieces and fry till it changes color and the water dries up
  3. Add the light coconut milk (optional) or water & bring to a boil.
  4. Reduce heat and simmer until the mutton is tender.
  5. Add the ground masala paste, water for curry as required and when it starts boiling, reduce heat and simmer for 5 minutes or till fat surfaces.
  6. Then add the potatoes and cook 10 minutes.
  7. When the potatoes are cooked, add the thick coconut milk, stir well and simmer for 5 minutes.
  8. For extra flavour, garnish the mutton curry with one sliced onion fried to a golden brown in 2 tbsp. oil.


Patoleo made in Banana Leaf


I am putting out this post early so that those who don’t have access to turmeric leaves (traditionally used for patoleos/pathoyos/patolis) can use alternatives rather than dampen the spirit of the celebration. True, the delicious flavour and aroma of turmeric leaves will be sacrificed…. I will just imagine the aroma with every bite of the banana leaf patoleos!

Secondly, many skip making patoleos due to time constraints. In that situation, prepare them on the next weekend, freeze them and steam the patoleos on the day required so you can enjoy them freshly steamed.

August 15 (Independence Day in India) happens to coincide with the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (a Holy day of obligation) and Patoleos are a significant item prepared by Goan & Mangalorean catholics on this day. East Indians call it Pan Mori or East Indian leaf cakes. It is also prepared on St, John’s feast (Sao Joao fest) and Konsachem fest (harvest festival). Ediyos, or Pudde steamed in jackfruit leaves were also prepared on August 15, by my mother.

Konkani hindus prepare patoleos on the second Sunday of Sharavan or Nag Panchami and on Hartalika, the eve of Ganesh Chaturthi. Salt-free patoleos, are offered to Goddess Parvati, who the legends say had a strong craving for these sweets during pregnancy.

If Turmeric leaves are not available in your region, be creative and use any leaves (that can be used for cooking) available near you like banana, fig, bay, maple, teak, corn husks, Okra (Lady finger) leaves, etc. Champa flower leaves are also used for steaming food and enjoy your sweet steamed rice cakes. Be creative and make do with what is available and enjoy rather than omitting your traditional foods altogether!

Patoleo

Ingredients

  • 1 Cup basmati rice
  • 1/2 cup boiled rice
  • 1 cup coconut to grind with rice (optional)
  • 1 ½ cups grated coconut
  • 1 cup jaggery, grated
  • 6 cardamoms, powdered
  • Pinch of salt
  • Fresh haldi (saffron) leaves or any edible available leaves

Method

  • Mix the remaining coconut and jaggery and cook till blended. 
  • Add cardamom powder and mix.
  • Set aside to cool. 
  • Wipe the leaves clean.
  • Apply the rice paste evenly over the leaf taking care to spread in the direction of the ridges of the leaf. This gives a subtle ridged effect to the patoleos when cooked.
  • Spread a tablespoon full or more as required of the coconut jaggery filling over the rice paste on one side of the leaf. 
  • Fold the leaf over and prepare all the patolis in similar manner. 
  • If the leaves are too big, cut the patolis in half or quarters so that they fit comfortably into the steamer. 
  • Put some water into the steamer and bring to a boil.
  • Place the tray and put the patoleos into the steamer. 
  • You can even place them one over the other. 
  • Place the lid on the steamer and steam for 20 to 25 minutes till done. 
  • The leaf will change color and the patolis will be firm. 
  • Remove and enjoy!!

For more post on Patholis:

Patoleo

Tumeric Patoleo leaves

Ediyo – Pudde

Methi Paez


Methi Paez

(Given 8 days after delivery)

Methi Paez – serve a bowl full to the lactating mother for atleast one month, every alternate day, post lunch, starting eight days after delivery!

Cures backache, promotes lactating i.e. increases breast milk, strengthens and helps in bringing back the uterus to its contracted state, relieves flatulence.

Methi paez or fenugreek gruel has several medicinal properties as fenugreek has many nutritional benefits containing fibre, minerals. iron and magnesium, so is beneficial to everyone, not only for lactating mothers

Ingredients

  • 1 cup boiled rice
  • ½ cup methi seeds
  • 1 cup coconut juice
  • Pinch of salt (optional)
  • ¾ cup jaggery

Method

  1. Wash and soak the methi for 4 to 6 hours.
  2. You can soak the boiled rice too, if you wish, separately.
  3. Drain the rice and methi seeds and transfer to utensil.
  4. Add 4 cups water and bring to a boil.
  5. Remove scum from the surface.
  6. Reduce heat and cook till rice and methi are soft, stirring occasionally.
  7. If the water dries out, add a cup or two of water, as per desired consistency.
  8. If you prefer the methi paez thick, avoid using additional water.
  9. Add the jaggery and stir till the jaggery has dissolved.
  10. Then add the coconut milk and simmer for 5 minutes.

Prawn Ghee Roast


Prawn Ghee Roast

Kundapur style

Ghee Roast is fiery red, tangy and spicy with a flavor of ghee roasted spices. The advantage of creating traditional dishes at home, is you can adjust the recipe to suit your taste to get maximum satisfaction from the meal. Our spice level is always medium spicy, hence the Prawn Ghee Roast does not have the usual number of chillies.  Secondly, Baydagi and Kashmiri chillies are both used, but I have used only Kashmiri as I did not have Baydagi chillies. You may increase the chillies according to your taste.

P.S.: Any leftover ghee roast (if at all any remains of this delicious dishes) can be reinvented the next day.  Just add some water when re-heating to make a curry and you have a Kundapur Curry to go with freshly steamed rice!

Ingredients

  • 1 Cup prawns (large), shelled
  • 1 tsp. Kashmiri chilli powder
  • 2 tbsp. yogurt
  • 1tsp. tamarind paste
  • Salt
  • 4 tsp. brown (fried) onion paste*
  • 1 tbsp. yogurt for fried onion paste
  • 6 garlic cloves, chopped
  • 1 tbsp. coconut oil
  • 2 tbsp. ghee
  • 1 to 2 sprigs curry leaves

To make Kundapur masala (Roast and grind to a powder)

  • 4 to 6 Kashmiri chillis
  • 1 tbsp. coriander seeds
  • ½ tsp. cumin seeds
  • ¼ tsp. fenugreek seeds
  • ¼ tsp. pepper corns
  • 4 flakes garlic
  • OR use 3 tsp. ready Kundapur masala instead of above

       Method

  1. Dry roast the spices from Kashmiri chillies to garlic, cool and grind to a powder. Your ‘Kundapur masala’ is ready.
  2. *To make fried onion paste : Slice two onions and fry in oil on medium heat till dark brown, cool and grind to a paste with a tbsp. of yogurt.
  3. Clean, shell and devein the prawns. 
  4. Wash, squeeze out all the water. 
  5. Combine tamarind paste, yogurt, salt and kundapur masala and apply to the prawns and mix well.  Marinate for 15 to 30 minutes. 
  6. Take a shallow pan, add 1 tbsp. of coconut oil, and fry the chopped garlic for a minute. 
  7. Add the brown onion paste and sauté for a minute. 
  8. Add the prawns with the marinade and stir fry on high flame till the prawns change colour. 

P.S.: I have cooked a larger quantity in the video, hence it is much more than the recipe quantities.

Sprouted Moong and Jackfruit Seeds Curry


Sprouted Moong (Green Gram) and Jackfruit Seeds (Bikna) Curry

A super easy, quick, delicious and highly nutritious curry.

When I last prepared the sprouted moong bhaji (check  out  the video recipe) I had saved the excess sprouts in the freezer.  The Biknas I had frozen a large batch of boiled jackfruit seeds.  These proved handy when I had to rustle up a quick nutritious meal before rushing to work!

All you need is some steamed rice or chapatis any bread of your choice, with your favorite pickle (aachar).

For a more elaborate meal, serve with fried fish or fish cutlets!!

Ingredients

  • 1 cup sprouted moong (green gram)
  • 1 cup boiled jackfruit seeds (Bikna)
  • 1 medium to large Potato (optional), cubed
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 2 flakes garlic, sliced
  • 1 sprig curry leaves
  • 1 tsp. mustard seeds
  • 2 tbsp. Bafat masala, or to taste
  • 4 tbsp. coconut powder
  • 1 tbsp. tamarind pulp
  • 1 tsp. Salt, or to taste
  • 1 tbsp. Oil

Method

  1. Rinse the sprouts and drain.   
  2. In a vessel add oil, when hot add the mustard seeds, when they splutter, add the curry leaves, garlic and onion and saute till onions are light brown. 
  3. Add the bafat masala and fry for ½  a minute. 
  4. Add the moong and and potatoes, if using, and more water, salt and bring to a boil and cook 10 minutes till potatoes are cooked. 
  5. Add the boiled bikna and tamarind pulp and cook 5 minutes. 
  6. Meanwhile dilute the coconut powder with some water and add to the curry, adjust gravy by adding sufficient water. 
  7. Bring to a boil and cook 5 minutes or till fat suraces. 
  8. Serve hot.

Tambdi Bhaji Tel Piyav


Tambdi Bhaji Tel Piyav (Red Amaranth Vegetable)

Ingredients

  • 4 bunches Tambdi Bhaji
  • 1 medium onion
  • 2 red dry chillies
  • 4 flakes garlic
  • ¼ cup fresh coconut
  • 1 tbsp. oil
  • ½ tsp. salt or to taste

Method

  1. Clean the tambdi bhaji, discarding the damaged and insect eaten leaves. 
  2. Save only the clean and complete leaves and the tender stalks.  To find out if the stalks are tender, they should snap easily on breaking. 
  3. Immerse in plenty of salted water and leave for 10 to 15 minutes to loosen the dirt and kill insects if any. 
  4. Slice the onion, crush the garlic, break the red chillies into 2 to 3 pieces and transfer to a cooking vessel.
  5. Wash the soaked bhaji well, drain and chop roughly.
  6. Add the vegetable to the vessel, add salt and oil and 1/4 cup water if desired and place on heat and cook 10 minutes till vegetable is tender.  Stir in between.
  7. Add the fresh coconut, mix and cook further 5 minutes. 
  8. Take off the fire and serve hot.

Hot and Sour Sardines Curry


Hot and Sour Sardines Curry

Hot and Sour Sardines Curry

Tarle Amotik curry (Tallyanchi Kodi)

Ingredients

  • 3 large sardines or 8 to 10 small
  • 1 small onion
  • 2 green chillies
  • 6 kokum petals (dried mangosteen)
  • 10 to 12 Tefla (Indian Prickly Ash)
  • 1 tsp. salt or to taste

Grind to a Paste

  • 8 Kashmiri Chillies
  • 2 tbsp. coconut powder (optional)
  • ¼ tsp. cumin seeds
  • ¼ tsp. peppercorns
  • ¼ tsp. turmeric powder
  • 6 flakes garlic
  • A small ball tamarind

Method

  1. Descale the fish, cut off head and tail and remove and discard the intestine, etc. 
  2. Clean and wash well. 
  3. ½ tsp. salt and set aside. 
  4. I have taken 3 large sardines and cut each into half.
  5. Grind the masala to a smooth paste. 
  6. Slice the onion and slit the green chillies. 
  7. Crush the tefla lightly to release the flavor and set aside. 
  8. Take a vessel and add the onion and green chillies.  
  9. No oil is required for this curry. 
  10. Add the masala with the masala water and adjust consistency of the curry (we like it thin). 
  11. Add 1 tsp. salt or to taste.
  12. Place on heat and bring to a boil. 
  13. Add the tefla and kokum pieces.
  14. The tefla add flavor to the curry and not to be consumed.
  15. Reduce flame and simmer 5 minutes. 
  16. Add the fish.  Do not stir to avoid breaking the fish.  Shake the vessel so the fish pieces settle and do not overlap each other. 
  17. Increase flame, bring to a boil, reduce flame and simmer 10 minutes till oil appears on the surface and the curry appears glossy. 
  18. Switch off and serve hot with steamed rice. 

Surnali


Surnali or Surnoli

Surnali (Surnoli)

Buttermilk Dosa, Sponge Dosa, Sweet Dosa, Konkani Pancake, Mangalorean Surnoli, Udupi Surnali, Sweet Surnoli, Plain Surnoli

A Soft and fluffy mangalorean pancake you can make in two ways – Sweet & Plain (Savory) which can be enjoyed for breakfast, as a snack or as an accompaniment with your favorite curry for lunch and dinner.

Ingredients

  • 2 cups Idli or basmati Rice
  • 2 cups Buttermilk
  • 1 cup poha
  • ¼ tsp. fenugreek seeds
  • ½ cup coconut
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • ½ tsp. Soda bicarb

For sweet version

  • ½ tsp. turmeric
  • ¼ cup jaggery powdered (for half the above quantity of batter)

Method

  1. Wash the rice and fenugreek seeds and soak in buttermilk for atleast 4 hours. 
  2. Soak the poha in water for 15 minutes. 
  3. Grind the rice, poha, coconut to a thick paste. 
  4. As far as possible do not add more water when grinding. 
  5. Add salt to the batter and divide into two. 
  6. To one half, add turmeric powder and jaggery and mix well till jaggery is dissolved.
  7. Leave both the batters to ferment 8 hours or overnight. 
  8. Before frying you may add a pinch or ¼ tsp. soda bicarb to the batter (If the batter has not fermented well) and mix.  This is optional.
  9. You may thin down the batter slightly, if required by adding little water if batter is too thick.
  10. To fry, heat a dosa pan very hot, smear with oil using an onion, put two ladles of batter (3/4 cup), do not spread. 
  11. Cover and cook till it is covered with holes, becomes opaque and light brown on the edges.  (Suruli for holes in Konkani).
  12. Remove and serve the sweet Surnalis with butter
  13. And the plain or savory ones with chutney.
  14. Also enjoy them with your favorite curry for lunch or dinner.

Raw Banana and Yam Curry with Jackfruit seeds


Raw Banana and Yam Curry with Jackfruit seeds

This is a satvick preparation, no oil,  onion, garlic, chillies.  Can be had as a fastiing food as well.

Ingredients

  • 2 Raw green bananas
  • ¼ kg. yam (suran, soorn, elephants foot)
  • ½ to 1 cup boiled and peeled bikna (jackfruit seeds) or substitute with boiled red kidney beans
  • 1 cup fresh grated coconut
  • ½ tsp. cumin seeds
  • ½ tsp. pepper corns
  • 2 tsp. turmeric powder (1 tsp when boiling the vegetable & one tsp to add when grinding)
  • 1 sprig curry leaves
  • 1 tsp. salt

Method

  1. Clean and cut the raw bananas and yam into cubes and immerse in water until required.
  2. Boil with water, 1 tsp. turmeric, salt and curry leaves, till tender.
  3. Boil the jackfruit seed, cool and peel, boil red kidney beans if using.
  4. Add to the yam and plantains.
  5. Grind the coconut, cumin, pepper corns, turmeric powder to a smooth paste. 
  6. When the vegetables are tender, add the curry paste, mix well and heat through. 
  7. The curry paste is not to be cooked too much just heated through, so make sure the vegetables are cooked well before adding the curry paste. 
  8. You may mash some yam pieces against the sides of the pan to thicken the gravy if you must. 
  9. Serve hot.

Dudhi and Chana Dal Bhaji


Dudhi and Chana Dal Bhaji

Dudhi and Chana Dal bhaji

(White pumpkin & split chick peas vegetable)

We love this vegetable gravy. Only turmeric powder is added as a spice in addition to the fresh ingredients. So even though it is cooked with minimum spices yet turns out delicious, light & nutritious.

Ingredients

  • 1 cup chana dal
  • 1 medium pumpkin
  • 2 medium onions, chopped
  • 2 green chillies, chopped
  • 2 lakes garlic, sliced
  • 2 medium tomatoes, chopped
  • 1 tsp. turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp. salt or to taste
  • 2 tbsp. oil
  • 2 tbsp. chopped coriander leaves to garnish.

Method

  1. Wash and boil the dal in 2 cups water. 
  2. Peel the pumpkin, cut into cubes, wash and drain. 
  3. When the dal is half cooked add the pumpkin cubes and salt and cook till dal and pumpkin are tender.  Don’t overcook the dal, should be tender yet whole.
  4. Set aside.
  5. Take another vessel and add oil. 
  6. When hot add the chopped onion and garlic and green chillies. 
  7. Fry till onion is translucent
  8. Then add the chopped tomatoes and cook till tomatoes are soft. 
  9. Add turmeric powder, mix and add the cooked dal and pumpkin, sufficient water for gravy and bring to boil. 
  10. Lower flame and simmer for 10 minutes or till oil surfaces. 
  11. Adjust seasoning and add the chopped coriander leaves, mix.
  12. Serve hot with any Indian bread or steamed rice.

Yam and Moong Curry


Yam and Moong Curry

Yam (Suran, Elephants foot) and Moong (Green Gram) Curry

Ingredients

  • ½ cup whole moong (green gram)
  • ½ kg. Yam (elephants foot)
  • 1 medium onion
  • 4 flakes garlic
  • 1 sprig curry leaves
  • ½ tsp. mustard seeds
  • 1 tbsp. Bafat masala, or to taste
  • ½ cup fresh coconut
  • 1 tsp. tamarind pulp
  • 1 tsp. jaggery (optional)
  • 1 tbsp. Oil

Method

  1. Clean the yam and cut into cubes, wash and drain.  Use gloves to prevent hands itching. 
  2. Pick and wash the moong and boil with 2 cups water. 
  3. When half done, add the yam pieces and cook till moong and yam are tender. 
  4. Add salt. 
  5. Take off flame. 
  6. In another vessel, add oil, when hot add the mustard seeds
  7. When they splutter, add the curry leaves, crushed garlic and onion and saute till onions are light brown. 
  8. Add the bafat masala and fry for a minute. 
  9. Add the moong and yam vegetable alongwith the stock and add more water for curry if required.
  10. Bring to a boil and simmer till oil surfaces. 
  11. Add the tamarind and jaggery and fresh coconut and adjust seasoning. 
  12. Cook for 5 minutes and take off the heat.  Serve hot.

Sprouted Moong Bhaji


Sprouted Moong Bhaji

Sprouted Moong (Green Gram) Bhaji

Ingredients

  • 2 to 4 cups sprouted moong
  • 2 medium onions, chopped
  • 2 to 3 flakes garlic, sliced
  • 1” pc ginger, chopped
  • 2  tomatoes, chopped
  • 2 green chillies, chopped
  • 1 tbsp. Bafat Masala
  • 1 tsp. Salt, or to taste
  • 2 tbsp. oil
  • Few curry leaves
  • ½ tsp. mustard seeds
  • 2 tbsp. Coriander leaves, chopped to garnish

Method

  1. Wash and pick the sprouted moong, drain. 
  2. Heat a pan, add oil.  When hot, add the mustard seeds. 
  3. When they splutter, add the curry leaves, garlic, ginger, chillies and saute for ½ a minute. 
  4. Then add the onion and fry till translucent. 
  5. Then add the tomatoes and fry till soft. 
  6. Add the bafat masala.  You may add more or less according to taste and saute for  a minute. 
  7. Then add the sprouted moong, salt and one cup water, mix, bring to a boil and cook 10 to 15 minutes until the moong is cooked. 
  8. Garnish with chopped coriander leaves and serve hot.

Methi Bhaji with Prawns


Methi Bhaji with Prawns

Ingredients

  • 8 to 10 bunches Methi leaves
  • 1 Cup prawns
  • 2 medium Onions, chopped
  • 2 medium potatoes, chopped
  • 2 medium tomatoes, chopped
  • 2 green chillies, chopped
  • ½ tsp. ginger garlic paste (optional)
  • 1 heaped tbsp. mixed masala (Sunday/Bafat/East Indian, etc.
  • 1 tsp. Salt or to taste
  • 2 tbsp. Oil

Method

  1. Chop off the roots of the methi and cut each bunch into two or three pieces.
  2. Immerse in plenty of water so that the sand settles to the bottom.
  3. For methi grown at home without soil, there is no sand or soil but do soak in water to remove as much of the husks as possible.
  4. Wash in two to three changes of water and drain well.
  5. Clean, devein and wash prawns.
  6. Dain and set aside.
  7. Heat a pan, add oil, then add the onions and saute till translucent.
  8. Add the chillies and the tomatoes and fry till tomatoes turn soft.
  9. Add the masala powder, salt and stir.
  10. Add the methi bhaji, a cup of water, mix and cook for 10 minutes covered.
  11. Then add the potatoes and mix, cook for 10 minutes covered.
  12. Then add the prawns, ½ cup of water if required, mix and cook for further 10 minutes.
  13. Open the lid, check seasonings and cook further 2 to 3 minutes till oil appears on the surface.
  14. Serve hot with rotis, chapatis, phulkas, etc.

Check out how to grow Methi indoors

https://cooklikececilia.com/Growing-Methi-indoors-without-soil

Sweet beaten rice Godd Fov


Sweet beaten rice (flat sweet poha) / Godd Fov

No cook breakfast or teatime snack.  Comes together in minutes (if you have all ingredients to hand).  Delicious, satisfying and healthy.   My mother made this often as a teatime snack, when we returned from school.  When was the last time you had Godd Fov?

Ingredients

  • 3 to 4 cups thin (beaten/flattened) rice (Fov)
  • 1 cup grated jaggery
  • 1 cup grated coconut
  • ½ tsp. cardamom powder
  • 2 tbsp. milk/water/coconut water

Method

  1. Clean the flattened rice (fov/poha) for any dirt, etc.  Do not wash.  Pick any husk or impurities, if any. Usually the packaged beaten rice (good brands) will be quite clean.
  2. Add the jaggery, coconut, cardamom powder and mix all ingredients. 
  3. Add the milk or water to moisten the mixture a little bit and mix well with fingers. 
  4. Leave aside for 10 minutes. 
  5. Serve with tea or coffee for breakfast or a teatime evening snack.

%d bloggers like this: