Mangalorean recipes

Fried Fish Curry


I always loved this curry when my mother made it. Searing the fish or lightly frying it with just a little salt and turmeric powder and then including it in a curry that is not too spicy, just made the fish and the curry absolutely delicious. The same curry can be made with Rawas (Indian Salmon) or Surmai (King Fish) and is sometimes made into a Roce curry with coconut milk added to the curry at the end of cooking and then garnished with some golden fried onions. Absolutely lip smacking!

Fried Fish Curry

Ingredients

  • 2 medium pomfrets (750 gms. Total approx.)
  • ¼ tsp. salt
  • ¼ tsp. turmeric

For tempering

  • 1 medium onion
  • 2 green chillies
  • 1” pc. Ginger
  • 2 tbsp. coconut oil

Masala to grind to a paste

  • 4 Kashmiri chillies
  • 4 heaped tbsp. coconut powder
  • ½ tbsp. coriander seeds
  • ¼ tsp. cumin seeds
  • 6 to 8 peppercorns
  • 1 small onion
  • 2 flakes garlic
  • 1/4 tsp. turmeric powder
  • Small marble sized ball tamarind
  • 1 tsp. salt or to taste

Method

  1. Clean the fish and cut into desired pieces. 
  2. Wash well and drain.  
  3. Apply salt & turmeric powder and toss the fish lightly.  Set aside for 10 to 15 minutes.  Meanwhile prepare the spices for the masala and grind to a smooth paste adding a cup or two of water.
  4. Heat a frying pan and add 2 tbsp. of oil to the pan and fry the fish pieces lightly on both sides.  Remove and set aside.
  5. For tempering, slice the onion, shred the ginger and slit the green chillies. 
  6. Heat the oil in a pan and add the chillies, ginger and onion and fry till light brown. 
  7. Add the masala paste with the masala water, 1 tsp. salt, bring to a boil and simmer 5 minutes. 
  8. Add the fried fish, bring to a boil and cook 10 minutes till oil surfaces.
  9. Serve hot with boiled rice, vegetable and some pickle for a light but delicious meal.

Mutton Green Curry with Turnips & Veggies


This is my mother-in-laws signature mutton curry which she served with much love Sunday after Sunday. Sadly she passed away too early for me to enjoy her delicious cooking. Apart from our holiday trips, after marriage, I was fortunate to stay three months with her before joining my husband in Kuwait.

My husband has just not had enough of this mutton curry and the turnips that go with it! He relishes the curry especially the turnips. Whenever turnips are in season, he invariably picks them up and when they enter our home they must end up in this curry. No, they absolutely cannot be cooked in any other way! But the truth of the matter is that they are amazingly delicious in this mutton curry. For those who are not very fond of turnips, potatoes are included and make sure to cut them in a shape different from the turnips, either in wedges or halves if the turnips are in cubes, because once cooked it is difficult to differentiate between the potatoes and the turnips in the curry. My children rarely eat turnips so the usual question when serving will be “Mama are the long pieces potatoes”?

So do cook and enjoy this tasty lip smacking curry, the only dish I learnt from my mother-in-law!!

Ingredients

To cook meat

  • 1 Kg.  Mutton/Lamb
  • 2 medium onions
  • 2 tomatoes
  • 2” pcs. Cinnamon
  • 4 to 5 cloves
  • 3 to 4 cardamoms
  • ¼ tsp. peppercorns
  • 1 tsp. salt or to taste

Vegetables

  • 1 or 2 turnips
  • 1 or 2 potatoes
  • 1 to 2 cups French beans
  • 1 cup green peas

Grind to a paste

  • One bunch coriander leaves
  • 6 green chillies
  • 1.5”pc. ginger
  • 6 flakes garlic
  • 1 small onion
  • 1 tbsp. coriander seeds
  • 1 tsp. cumin seeds
  • ½ tsp. mustard seeds
  • ¼ tsp. pepper corns
  • ¼ tsp. turmeric powder
  • 1” pc cinnamon
  • 4 cloves
  • 4 cardamoms
  • 4 to 5 flakes tamarind
  • 4 tbsp. heaped coconut powder
  • 2 to 3 tbsp. coconut oil or ghee

Method

  1. Clean, cut and wash mutton.  Drain and set aside. 
  2. Chop the onions and tomatoes. 
  3. Heat oil in a wide vessel. 
  4. Add the onion and saute.
  5. Add the whole spices. 
  6. When onions are light brown, add the tomatoes and fry till soft.
  7. Add the meat and saute, cook till meat changes color.
  8. Then add sufficient hot water to cook the meat and bring to a boil. 
  9. Lower heat and cook for one hour, stirring once or twice in between. 
  10. After one hour add 1 tsp. salt, and check if meat is cooked. 
  11. If still to cook, add hot water if required and cook further 15 to 20 minutes till tender.
  12. As the meat is cooking, clean and prepare the vegetables. 
  13. Cube the turnip into 8 pieces each, the potato into four wedges each, the French beans break into 2 to 3 pieces.  Shell the green peas clean if using fresh. Set the vegetables aside.
  14. Meanwhile grind the masala to a paste. 
  15. When the meat is tender add to the meat with the masala water and check required consistency. 
  16. Bring to a boil and simmer 5 minutes.
  17. Add the  turnips and French beans and cook 10 minutes. 
  18. When turnips and French beans are almost done, add the potatoes and green peas and cook further 10 minutes till potatoes are cooked. 
  19. Check seasoning and take off heat when oil surfaces. 
  20. Serve with steamed rice, pulao, sannas, panpole, appam, bread, etc.

Cooking with drumstick leaves


Enjoy healthy and nutritious drumstick leaves, popularly known as ‘Moringa leaves’ which are a powerhouse of nutrition. There are several ways to cook drumstick leaves some of which are herebelow. We used to have plenty of the drumstick trees around our houses and don’t think our mothers ever had to purchase drumsticks or the leaves for cooking.

As they are currently available in the market decided to make a few dishes and post recipes.

  1. Drumstick Leaves Adai
Drumstick Leaves Adai

2. Drumstick Leaves & Potato Bhaji

Drumstick Leaves & Potato Bhaji

3. Drumstick Leaves Tel Piyav

Drumstick Leaves Tel Piyav

Ponsa Muddo


These cakes are usually steamed in teak leaves, which impart a unique fragrance and reddish color to the cake. In the absence of teak leaves here, I have used banana leaves but would surely use teak leaves whenever I can get some and re-post the pictures. Canned jackfruit has been used in this recipe.

Ponsache Patoleo – Jackfruit cakes steamed in banana leaves (Pelakai da ghatti in Tulu)

Ponsa Muddo

  • Servings: 6-8
  • Difficulty: Average
  • Print

  • 2 cups Jackfruit, chopped
  • 2 cups  white rice (or rice rava)
  • ¼ cup coconut
  • Jaggery 1/4 cup, or as required (may be omitted if jackfruit is extra sweet)
  • Salt to taste.
  • 8 Teak leaves (or 5 to 6 banana leaves cut into  medium sized pieces)
  1. Wash and soak rice for 4 to 6 hours or overnight.
  2. Grind along with jackfruit, coconut and jaggery to a very thick paste using very little water. Add salt.
  3. If using rice rava, soak for 15 minutes. Grind the jackfruit, coconut, jaggery to a paste and mix  with the rava.
  4. Place 2 ladles (or more depending on the size of the leaf) and fold into  a packet and place in steamer, seam side down and steam for 30 minutes.  Cooking time would vary according to size and thickness of the jackfruit cake.
  5. Remove and cut into pieces, if cakes are large.
  6. Serve for breakfast or as tea-time snack.  Also goes well with curries on festival menus.

Sheera


Sheera – Sooji Halwa

Ingredients

  • 1 cup Rawa
  • 1/2 cup Sugar
  • 1/4 cup Ghee
  • 4 cups hot water
  • Few drops yellow color
  • 1/4 cup Almonds and pistas (for garnish)
  • 2 tbsp. cashewnuts
  • 2 tbsp. Raisins
  • 1/4 tsp.Cardamom powder (optional)
  1. Slice the almonds and pistas. Clean the raisins, removing stems if any.
  2. Heat ghee in a kadai and fry the raisins till they swell.  Remove and set aside. Fry the cashewnuts lightly and remove.
  3. Add the rawa to the kadai and fry on medium low flame till it turns light brown and you get a nice aroma. Takes about 15 to 20 minutes. You can fry it longer if you prefer it nice and brown. Do not fry on high flame or the rawa will get burnt ruining the sheera.
  4. Add the hot water and stir quickly to avoid lumps being formed.
  5. Add the saffron and stir and mix well. When the rawa thickens add the sugar and mix till dissolved.
  6. Then add the nuts and raisins. Keep stirring till it begins to leave the sides of the kadai and forms a ball.
  7. Put into bowls and press lightly and turn out onto a serving plate. Garnish with nuts and serve hot.
  8. Avoided saffron (kesar), but intend to make kesari baath soon, going all out with the ghee and sugar in equal quantities to the rava!!

And the Kesari Baath is now published do check it out!

Radish Vegetable


Raddish Vegetable

Radish is in season in winters and an excellent way to add fibre and nutrients to your diet. Radish also helps in fighting cough and cold. Have your tried eating fresh radish marinated in vinegar? If you have a blocked nose, it provides instant relief. East Indians make a lamb curry with radish called Lonvas using east indian bottle masala. Turns out delicious. Mooli parathas a North Indian speciality are famous all over. So enjoy the goodness of radish this winter.

Radish Vegetable (Moolo Bhaji)

Ingredients

  • 1 large bunch radishes with leaves
  • 1 onion sliced
  • 2 red chillies
  • 4 flakes garlic
  • ¼ cup fresh coconut
  • 1 tbsp. coconut oil
  • 1 tsp. salt

Method

  1. Clean the radish by discarding the yellow and stained leaves and reserve the tender and unblemished leaves.
  2. Peel the radish
  3. Place everything in salted water for 10 minutes. 
  4. Drain an rinse well. 
  5. Chop the leaves and slice the radish into thin slices.
  6. Heat the oil in a pan, add the crushed garlic, and red chillies broken into half. Saute a few seconds. 
  7. Add the sliced onion and toss, then add the vegetable, salt, cover and cook 5 to 7 minutes. 
  8. Not necessary to add water as the vegetable releases water. 
  9. However, half way through cooking if the water has dried up, add a quarter cup of water, cover and cook till the radish is tender. 
  10. Add the coconut, mix and cook further 2 minutes. 
  11. Remove and serve hot as accompaniment with Rice curry or serve with rotis. 
  12. Makes a light and healthy dinner with just chapatis (rotis) and moolo bhaji.

Prawn & Kuwalo Curry


Prawn & Kuwalo Curry

A delicious Prawn curry made by adding Ash Pumpkin. Same can be made with Lady Fingers, Spinach, White Pumpkin (Doodhi), Potatoes, etc. Or simply with prawns and raw mango. If mango is used in any preparation, tamarind is omitted, as the raw mango adds the required tartness. Serve this delicious lip-smacking curry with steamed rice, chapattis, or kadak pav (hard bread) that Mumbai is famous for, to mop up the gravy…. Leaving the shells on the prawns adds another dimension to the preparation, it renders the prawns juicy and succulent. Suck the juicy curry trapped in the shell of the prawns before removing the peel and devouring them!!

Ingredients

  • 1 Cup Large or medium prawns
  • ½ kg. Kuwalo (Ash Gourd)
  • 2 medium onions, sliced
  • Salt to taste
  • 1 tbsp. oil
  • Grind to a paste
  • 2 to 3 red chillies
  • 1 tbsp. coriander seeds
  • 1/2 tsp. cumin seeds
  • 1/4 tsp. peppercorns
  • ¼ tsp. turmeric
  • 2 to 3 tbsp. coconut
  • 1 raw mango
  • 2 flakes garlic
  • 1 small onion

Method

  1. Keeping the shell intact, remove the head, tail and legs of prawns and carefully pull out the vein. 
  2. Wash, apply little salt and set aside. 
  3. Cut the kuwalo into wedges, deseed and peel. Check out my ‘Mutton Polov’ recipe – to prepare the Kuwalo
  4. Cut into 1” cubes and rinse in water, drain.
  5. Heat oil in a vessel, add 1 sliced onion and fry till light brown. 
  6. Add the kuwalo cubes, 1 tsp. salt and cook till half done.
  7. Add the ground masala paste, masala water, adjust the curry.
  8. Bring to a boil, reduce flame and simmer till oil appears around the edges. 
  9. Add the prawns and cook 10 minutes or till oil surfaces.
  10. Check salt and add if necessary.  Serve with steamed rice.

Quick Raw Mango Curry


Quick Raw Mango Curry

A delicious tart & spicy curry made with 6 fleshy mango seeds. I had used the mango flesh to make “God Lonche” pickle (Sweet & Sour Mango Pickle) and didn’t want to waste the mango seeds.

Served the curry for lunch with boiled rice, valchi bhaji tel piyav, kaane fry (lady fish fry) and prawn balchao (made by my friend Melville). Lip smacking!!

Ingredients

  • 3 raw mangoes, peeled and cut into wedges
  • 1” pc. Ginger, shredded
  • 2 green chillies, slit
  • 3 flakes garlic, chopped
  • 1 onion, sliced
  • ½ tsp. mustard seeds
  • ½ tsp. cumin seeds
  • Salt to taste
  • 1 tsp. jaggery
  • 2 tbsp. oil

Grind to a paste

  • 2 tbsp. Bafat masala powder
  • 2 to 3 tbsp. coconut

Method

  1. Heat oil in a vessel, add the mustard seeds and cumin,
  2. When they pop, add the garlic, ginger, chillies and onion and fry till light brown. 
  3. Add the masala paste, with the masala water, salt, stir and cook till oil appears on the edges. 
  4. Add the raw mangoes and bring to a boil, lower flame and simmer till oil surfaces. 
  5. Add jaggery, cook further 2 minutes and take off flame. 
  6. Serve hot with plain boiled (steamed) rice. 
  7. We had this curry with rice, valchi bhaji (check out my Valchi Bhaji Tel Piyav video) and Kaane fry (Lady fish fry)
  8. Was simply awesome!

Valchi Bhaji Tel Piyav


Valchi Bhaji Tel Piyav

Valchi Bhaji (Malabar Spinach or Buffalo Spinach)

Always a delight to lay hands on fresh and tender valchi bhaji in this part of the world. In India it is grown in home gardens and easily available. A very simple and easy way to cook is just steaming it with oil, garlic, chillies and onion and garnished with fresh coconut and hence referred to as “Tel Piyav”. Other variations of cooking this spinach is a curry with shrimp or with tur dal or black-eyed beans for a vegetarian version.

Thoroughly enjoyed the vegetable with a meal of steamed rice, raw mango curry and lady fish fry!!

Ingredients

  • 1 Large Bunch Valchi Bhaji about 1 kg.
  • 1 Onion
  • 4 cloves garlic
  • 2 green chillies
  • ¼ cup fresh coconut
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • 2 tbsp. coconut oil

Method

  1. Clean the valchi bhaji.  Separate the leaves from the thick stems, the tender stems keep with the leaves.
  2. Cut stems into large pieces, keep the leaves whole  and soak in salted water for 10 minutes to loosen dirt & kill insects if any. 
  3. Drain, rinse in clean water and drain again. 
  4. Chop the thick stems, tender stems and leaves into 1” pieces. 
  5. Transfer the vegetable to a cooking pot.
  6. Slice the onion, slit the green chillies and crush the garlic and add to the vegetable alongwith the salt and oil. 
  7. Keep on medium flame and cook 10 minutes until stems are tender.
  8. Not necessary to add water as the vegetable will leave water while cooking. 
  9. Add the fresh coconut and cook 3 to 5 minutes. 
  10. Serve hot. 
  11. Makes a very healthy and satisfying addition to any main meal.
Valchi Bhaji Tel Piyav

Mutton Polov


Mutton Polov

This is a traditional Mangalorean dish typically served at Roce ceremonies.  The Lunch or dinner at Roce ceremonies is either fish curry or mutton polov alongwith the other main items of the menu like chone tendli sukhe, sannas, vorn etc.

In Mangalore in old times, “Korpo” was used for this preparation i.e. fresh coconut and sliced onion would be put out to dry in the sun and used with the spices for the masala paste.  I am sure this is still being done when cooking is done on a large scale for weddings, etc. For home cooking, we would go with the quicker method of roasting the coconut and onion on a pan!

Mutton Polov

  • Servings: 6-8
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Print

Ingredients

  • 1 kg. mutton
  • ½ kg. Ash Gourd (Kuwalo) (Winter Melon)
  • 2 medium onions
  • 3 bay leaves
  • 1 cup light coconut milk
  • 1 tsp. salt or to taste
  • 2 to 3 tbsp. coconut

Roast and grind to a paste

  • 1 cup heaped fresh coconut
  • 1 onion
  • 4 cloves garlic
  • 6 red Kashmiri chillies
  • 1 tbs. coriander seeds
  • 1 tsp.cumin seeds
  • ½ tsp. mustard seeds
  • 1 tsp. raw rice
  • 1” cinnamon
  • 4 cloves
  • 3 cardamoms

Method

  1. Clean and cut mutton into cubes, wash and drain well. 
  2. Clean the ash gourd, cut into wedges, remove the seeds, peel and cut into ½” cubes.  Wash and drain.
  3. Slice one onion and fry in a little oil to light brown
  4. Add the mutton pieces and cook till they change color and most of the water that is released evaporates. 
  5. Add sufficient hot water to the mutton, bring to a boil and cook for about 60 minutes.  If using a cooker, it will be quicker.
  6. Stir in between and add salt half way through cooking. 
  7. When the mutton is tender remove to another dish and set aside. 
  8. In the same vessel add a cup of water, the ash pumpkin cubes, 3 bay leaves, 1 tsp. salt (or to taste) and cook the vegetable adding a cup of thin coconut milk. 
  9. When half done, add the cooked mutton alongwith the stock. 
  10. Bring to a boil and simmer 5 minutes. 
  11. Then add the ground masala paste, adjust the curry by adding the masala water. 
  12. Cook on medium till oil surfaces. 
  13. Test seasoning and add salt if required. 
  14. Meanwhile, take a frying pan add a tbsp. of coconut oil and fry the sliced onion till golden brown. 
  15. Garnish the curry and serve hot with rice or sannas, etc.

Traditional Cucumber Karam


Traditional Cucumber Karam

Traditional Cucumber Karam

  • Servings: 6-10
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Print

Traditional Karam Cucumber Coconut Salad – Thousyache Karam

Ingredients

  • 2 Large cucumbers
  • 2 medium onions
  • Salt to taste
  • Grind to a paste
  • 1 cup fresh coconut
  • 2 green chillies or to taste
  • ½” piece ginger
  • 3 to 4 pieces of tamarind
  • 1 tsp. mustard seeds
  • ½ tsp salt, if required.

Method

  1. Cucumbers used for this recipe are the local cucumbers (we call it gaunti toushe).
  2. Wash, peel and remove the seeds of the cucumbers. 
  3. Cut into thick slices. 
  4. Add a tsp of salt, mix and set aside for 10 to 15 minutes. 
  5. The cucumbers will release water.
  6. Squeeze out the water and transfer to a serving bowl. 
  7. Slice the onion horizontally into thick slices and mix with the cucumber. 
  8. Grind the coconut, green chillies, ginger, tamarind and mustard seeds to a coarse paste with a little water. 
  9. Add ½ tsp salt if required. 
  10. Mix the ground paste with the cucumber onion mixture and combine well with your hands. 
  11. Serve cold. 

This is a traditional Mangalorean salad, served on all festive and celebratory occasions.  A must item for the “Novem Jevon” which is celebrated on 8th September, to celebrate the nativity of our Blessed Mother Mary and the blessing of the new harvest i.e. the grains of paddy.

Wishing one & all a Happy Feast!

Here are other dishes that make up the “Novem Jevon” menu:

  1. Sannas
  2. Chana Bhaji
  3. Alun Dento
  4. Karatein Sukhe (Karela vegetable)
  5. Raw Banana Bhaji
  6. Moong Sukha
  7. Kaane Fish curry
  8. Pathrode
  9. Vorn

The dishes can be any variety and any number but must be in odd number. Sannas, Alun Dento, Karatein Sukhe, Chana Bhaji, Vorn are commonly prepared. Understand Udupi and Kundapur side, fish curry alongwith veg dishes are prepared, but proper Managalore side it is only vegetarian preparations.

A Typical Konkan Coastal Fish Curry Rice Meal for Four persons cooked in less than 30 minutes


A Typical Konkan Coastal Fish Curry Rice Meal for Four persons cooked in less than 30 minutes (excluding preparation)

To keep it real have used my daily regular utensils 😉 😉

A meal for four persons

  1. Raouns (Rawas, Indian Salmon) Fish Curry
  2. Cabbage Vegetable
  3. Lepo (Sole Tounge Fish) fry
  4. Steamed rice
  5. Mango pickle (homemade)
  1. Rawas/Raouns (Indian Salmon) Fish curry

Ingredients

  • 8 pieces Raouns fish
  • ½ medium onion
  • 2 green chillies
  • 1” pc ginger
  • 1 raw mango
  • 1 tsp. Salt or to taste

To grind to a paste

  • 4 Kashmiri chillies
  • 1/4 tsp turmeric
  • 1 tbsp. coriander seeds
  • 6 peppercorns
  • ½ tsp cumin seeds
  • 3 tbsp. coconut powder
  • 2 flakes garlic
  • ½ medium onion

Method

  1. Clean and wash & cut fish.  Apply a little salt and set aside. 
  2. Grind the masala to a smooth paste. 
  3. Slice the onion, green chillies and ginger. 
  4. Wash and peel the raw mango and cut into wedges.
  5. Heat 1 to 2 tbsp. coconut oil and add the sliced onion, green chillies and ginger.  Saute till lightly brown. 
  6. Keep the flame low so the flavors of the onion, chillies and ginger release and give off a nice aroma. 
  7. Add the masala paste, the masala water, raw mango pieces and salt. 
  8. Stir and increase the flame and bring to a boil, simmer till oil appears on the edges. 
  9. Add the fish, stir and bring to a boil.  Reduce flame to medium low and cook for ten minutes. 
  10. When curry is done it will leave fat and appear glossy.
  11. Remove from flame.

P.S.: Same recipe may be used for Pomfret, Gole fish (Hammour), Mandeli (Golden Anchovies), Surmai (Kind Fish).  This curry is called sweet fish curry where chillies are less and coriander seeds are more. Other curries are the amotik (Spicy hot) usually made with Tarle (Sardines), Bangde (Mackerels), Bhing (Herring) Tato (Shark) etc., Green curry with fresh green masala for Pomfret, Fresh Bombay duck, etc. and the Kane  (Lady Fish) where curry to similar to above but Ajwain is added to the masala and onion and garlic are increased. 

2. Cabbage vegetable

Ingredients

  • 2 to 3 cups shredded cabbage
  • 1 medium onion
  • 2 green chillies
  • 1 small tomato (Optional)
  • 1 sprig curry leaves
  • 4 flaked garlic
  • ½ tsp mustard seeds
  • 1 tbsp. coconut oil
  • 2 tbsp. fresh grated coconut
  • 1 tsp. salt or to taste

Method

  1. Shred the cabbage and soak in salted water for few minutes. 
  2. Slice the onion and green chillies, chop the tomato.
  3. Crush the garlic cloves and wash the curry leaves.
  4. Heat the oil in a pan, add mustard seeds and allow to splutter. 
  5. Add the garlic and curry leaves, followed by the chillies and onion and saute for a minute. 
  6. Add the cabbage and salt, mix.
  7. Cover and cook for 5 to 10 minutes till done.  Do not add any water.
  8. Garnish with fresh coconut.

3. Lepo fry (Sole Tongue fish fry)

Ingredients

  • 8 to 10 Lepo
  • 3 tsp. red chilli powder (or to taste)
  • ½ to 1 tsp. salt (to taste)
  • 2 tbsp. vinegar
  • Rice flour or Rava to coat the fish

Method

  1. To clean the fish, cut the head and pull out the skin from both sides and the intestines.  Wash and leave aside to drain.
  2. Mix the red chilli powder, salt and vinegar to a paste and apply to the fish and marinate for half hour.
  3. Heat some oil to shallow fry the fish. 
  4. Take some rice flour or rava in a plate. 
  5. Roll the fish to coat evenly and fry on medium flame for 5 minutes on each side till crisp.

4. Steamed Rice

  • 1.5 cups basmati rice or boiled rice if you wish
  • 1 tsp. salt
  1. Wash the rice and soak in water for atleast 15 minutes.
  2. Bring water to a boil in a vessel. 
  3. Add the pre-soaked rice, salt and bring to a boil. 
  4. Reduce flame and simmer till rice is tender.  Strain the water. 

Tip: Cook the rice on low flame so the grains remain whole and separate and do not break.

MENU PLAN FOR LACTATING MOTHERS


Menu Plan for Lactating Mothers
Menu Plan for Lactating Mothers

Menu V

Typical daily diet for lactating mothers, to be followed for atleast one month after delivery.

A constant dilemma usually faced is what to cook? and what to eat? and for women who have given birth many foods are restricted especially when breastfeeding their baby. Hence, the food choices get further narrowed down. This post is to alleviate some of the confusion as to the diet required to be followed by lactating mothers. Hopefully, these tips would also take away some of the stress in menu planning, faced by those caring for “mother and babe”.

Points to bear in mind:-

  1. Include more of nuts, fruit, vegetables in your diet.
  2. Meals should be light, freshly cooked and easily digestible. 
  3. Avoid packaged and processed foods, aerated drinks, alcohol and packaged juices. Fresh juices are preferable, include yogurt and buttermilk, if possible.
  4. Use only healthy fats like pure ghee, coconut oil, olive oil, sesame oil for cooking.
  5. Avoid heavily spiced food.
  6. Limit sweets and fried food.
  7. Avoid left-over food from previous day etc, as far as possible.
  8. Avoid Pork and Beef.
  9. Avoid Mackerels, Sardines, King Fish, Shrimps & Crabs, Shell-fish i.e. anything from the Crustaceans, shellfish, mollusks group.
  10. Avoid potatoes, brinjals, starchy food and pulses to avoid flatulence and indigestion which can affect the baby through the breast milk.

Daily Diet Plan Schedule is approximate and should be adjusted to suit your day. Most of the recipes are available on this site and can be accessed by clicking on the link. Additional options/recipes can be found in the book “Mais Recipes”.

Fenugreek/Ajwain (Carom seeds) tea 3 to 4 times a day or throughout the day instead of plain water.

To prepare Fenugreek Ajwain water : Add a teaspoon each of Fenugreek, Ajwain (Carom seeds), Cumin and Fennel (Badishep) seeds to one litre or 1.5 litres of water, bring to a boil, switch off flame, cover and let it infuse for 10 minutes. Strain and reserve, to be taken by the mother, preferably warm, throughout the day instead of normal water

On rising

Warm water or Ajwain/Fenugreek tea, 5 to 10 soaked almonds with 1 or 2 dates. (Pre-soak the almonds the previous night, next morning peel and eat).

Breakfast – 08:00 a.m. approx.

1.Preferably hot/warm breakfast consisting of either of the following options :

2. Milk, or tea coffee made with milk

3. A tablespoon of  the lactating traditional preparation Thiklem.

Mid-morning: 11:00 a.m. approx.

  1. Porridge made of oats, ragi (tisan), vermicilli, rawa, or bread butter with tea coffee made with milk.
  2. One tablespoon of either Ginger (Aale) or Garlic (Lohsun), if available.

Lunch : 01:00 p.m. approx.

With steaming hot Rice.

  1. Main dish Either Fish/Lamb (Mutton)/Chicken/Vegetarian.

2. Side dish Options:

  • Grilled or Fried fish/Chicken/Mutton Chops
  • Vegetables like, leafy greens, spinach, pumpkin, gourds, french beans, tendli (Ivy Gourd/Gherkins) yam (very good for internal healing), lady fingers, raw banana.

3. Salad Options- cucumber, beetroot, carrot, lettuce, sprouts, quinoa, fresh thyme salad, etc.

4. A bowl of Nivol on alternate days (not everyday)- drink the nivol with your meal or you can have over your rice with some grilled fish/chicken.

OR

Methi Paez or Ajwain Paez as dessert after food. So if you are having Nivol, skip the methi/ajwain paez, have either one of the three.

Once in a while include Gulianchi Kheer, for dessert instead of Methi or Ajwain Paez.

Evening Tea: 04:00 to 05:00 p.m.

A tablespoon of Thiklem and some small snack or dry bhel, khakra, etc., or fruit.

It is advisable to limit intake of tea and coffee to once a day or maximum two per day, if you must.

Late evening: 07:00 p.m. approx.

Vegetable, Chicken or  Beef or Mutton Bones Soup.  It is advisable to have a bowl of warm soup daily, prepare the instant soup, if you must.

Dinner: 08:000 p.m. (or soon after your soup)

Similar to lunch options. With Rice preferably, or with any type of bread.

Bedtime: 10:00 p.m. (Optional)

Hot milk or Turmeric Milk (Haldi Doodh). Helps in healing and promotes good sleep, immunity booster.

To prepare Turmeric Milk – Boil one cup milk with 3/4 tsp. turmeric powder, 1 tsp. Misri (Candy sugar) or honey, 1/4 tsp. pepper powder. Sip slowly while hot. If using honey do not add while boiling, add after boiling, stir and drink hot.

Fruit – Anytime in between meals – Preferably seasonal fruit, Apples, Pears, Oranges, Bananas, Avocados, Cantaloup, Chickoo, Figs, Cherries, Grapes.

N.B. : Above is a guide for menu planning alongwith traditional mangalorean foods to consume while breastfeeding. Please bear in mind I am niether a dietician nor a nutritionist. The guide is what I have learnt from my mother and from elders in our family and from my personal experiences of giving birth to three children and having three grandchildren. As I have benefitted from these experiences, I am sharing the information. Please seek professional or medical advice when necessary.

For further information on Postnatal Care for Lactating Mothers, please click on the link

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The Irresistable Mangalorean Ghee Roast


The ultimate mangalorean ghee roast!

Chicken Ghee Roast is a popular Tuluva Mangalorean Chicken recipe whose origins go back to a small town, Kundapur, close to Mangalore. Chicken Ghee Roast is fiery red, tangy and spicy with a flavor of ghee roasted spices. Chicken ghee roast is pan roasted with spices and generous use of ghee. Source : Wikipedia

I am presenting the Chicken, Mutton (Lamb) and Prawn Ghee roast recipes. Although the spices are similar but there is some variation in the ingredients and preparation for each of the recipes. Click on the title for the recipe –

A typical speciality of the Bunt community made popular at Shetty restaurants, the first time I had ‘Ghee Roast’ was in Mangalore on our last visit about two years ago, at Guthu Restaurant.  We had Kori Roti, King Fish fry and Chicken Ghee Roast. The fiery Chicken Ghee Roast which immediately hit our head on the first morsel and had fire coming out of our ears had our eyes, nose watering and our mouth burning. Although it was exciting, we just could not handle the spice level, with the result we could not enjoy the meal.

The advantage of creating traditional dishes at home, is you can adjust the recipe to suit your taste to get maximum satisfaction from the meal. Our spice level is always medium spicy, hence the Prawn, Chicken and Mutton Ghee Roast does not have the usual number of chillies.  Secondly, Baydagi and Kashmiri chillies are both used, but I have used only Kashmiri as I did not have Baydagi chillies. You may increase the chillies according to your taste.

P.S.: Any leftover ghee roast (if at all any remains of these delicious dishes) can be reinvented the next day.  Just add some water when re-heating to make a curry and you have a Kundapur Curry to go with freshly steamed rice!

Click on the link for the recipes:-

Chicken Ghee Roast

Mutton Ghee Roast

Prawn Ghee Roast

Set Dosa


‘Pole’ for Mangaloreans and ‘Kallappam’ for Keralites, these soft spongy pancakes can be relished with chutney for breakfast or even with jam, butter or eaten just plain dipped in your tea or coffee!! These dosas are quite popular in the South of India.

For lunch or dinner serve with a chicken curry, mutton curry or vegetable stew so the dosa mops up the delicious gravy giving you a succulent morsel of food thoroughly satisfying to your tastebuds and your tummy!

Set dosa can be made with sanna or dosa batter which uses rice and urad dal (black gram dal) as its ingredients. 

The following recipe does not use urad dal but uses coconut and rice making the dosas lighter & spongy.  The recipe is similar to Appam, but the consistency of the batter should be kept slightly thicker for making Set Dosas. The size is smaller than the Udupi masala or sada dosas. You can use a dosa pan for making them but a smaller cast iron pan or frying pan would give a uniform and perfect circular shape to these dosas.

Idli rice can be used, if available, but I used basmati rice with good results. If fresh coconut is not available, use ½ cup coconut milk or ½ cup coconut milk powder. If the batter is fermenting overnight, do check on it in case you wake up in the night (to drink water or use the washroom) and if it has risen but it is too early to make the dosas, promptly put the risen batter in the fridge and make the dosas once you are ready. You don’t have to worry about having to prepare them at 4 or 5 am just because the batter is fermented. The Batter will stay fresh in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 days.

Soak the rice for 4 to 6 hours and grind to a thick paste alongwith the cooked rice and coconut. Mix the yeast with the sugar and warm water and leave to bloom for 10 minutes. Add to the rice paste, mix well and leave to ferment for 6 to 8 hours.  Fermenting time will depend on room temperature.  If weather is cold, use warm (not hot)  water for grinding the batter. In warm weather it will ferment in 4 hours.

When the batter has risen, add salt and mix.  Heat a cast iron pan or a frying pan on medium high heat until very hot. 

Pour one ladle or 1/2 cup of batter on the hot pan. (Do not spread the batter like you would do for the Masala dosa).  Leave as is, cover with lid and cook till underside turns golden and dosa gets spongy and translucent and is covered with holes. 

If you wish you may turn and cook the other side. 

Serve with red coconut chutney.

Set Dosa

  • Servings: 6-8
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Print

Ingredients

  • 2 cups rice, preferably idli rice
  • 1 cup cooked rice
  • 1 cup fresh coconut
  • 1 tsp salt
  • ¼ tsp dry yeast
  • 1 tbsp. sugar
  • 2 tbsp. warm water

Method

  1. Soak the rice for 4 to 6 hours and grind to a thick paste alongwith the cooked rice and coconut. 
  2. Mix the yeast with the sugar and warm water and leave to bloom for 10 minutes.
  3. Add to the rice paste, mix well and leave to ferment for 6 to 8 hours.  Fermenting time will depend on room temperature.  If weather is cold, use warm (not hot)  water for grinding the batter. In warm weather it will ferment in 4 hours.
  4. When the batter has risen, add salt and mix.  Heat a cast iron pan or a frying pan on medium high heat until very hot. 
  5. Pour one ladle or 1/2 cup of batter on the hot pan. (Do not spread the batter like you would do for the Masala dosa).  Leave as is, cover with lid and cook till underside turns golden and dosa gets spongy and translucent and is covered with holes. 
  6. If you wish you may turn and cook the other side. 
  7. Serve with red coconut chutney

Red coconut chutney

Same as green coconut chutney but substitute the green chilles and coriander leaves with two to three red cillies.

Rest of the recipe is the same.

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